Condoms are the most important element of comprehensive prevention
When used correctly and consistently, male and female contraceptives, together with lubricants, provide a high level of protection against HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, as well as unwanted pregnancies. Contraceptive use has had a huge impact on the global AIDS pandemic: simulations have shown that increasing the frequency of condom use since 1990 has prevented some 117 million new cases of HIV. If the use of contraceptives increases to 95% of all high-risk sexual intercourse by 2025, the coverage of all other preventive measures remains at 2019, and about a third of the required reduction in new HIV infections will be achieved.
Despite the possibility of constant use of condoms, it is very difficult for all groups to implement this in practice. For example, women in many countries need active engagement and support to agree on regular contraceptive use. Some people also choose other methods of HIV prevention if possible.
To achieve the 2025 goal of reducing the number of new HIV cases to less than 370,000, it is necessary to increase investment in comprehensive HIV prevention to ensure access to and use of condoms, as well as a full range of other prevention methods for 95% of people with high levels of HIV. the level of risk of HIV infection.