Happy New 2022 Year!

 We congratulate you and your families on the happy holidays of the New Year 2022 and Christmas!

Another year has passed with its difficulties and anxieties, but a new Christmas star is rising, announcing a bright tomorrow.

May the bright winter holidays, stepping on the threshold of your home, bring family warmth and harmony, well-being and comfort, peace and prosperity, confidence in the future. May each of you have new achievements and successes in the New Year, may the warm atmosphere of the New Year holidays always reign in your home, and sincere love for many years will become a family guardian, and health will allow you to achieve all goals and objectives.

Happy New Year 2022 to you! Merry and joyful Christmas!

An integrated approach is needed to eradicate gender-based violence

"Eradicating gender-based violence requires a comprehensive approach involving governments and all societies. But I believe that if leaders work hard to succeed, everyone will benefit: there will be less violence against women and girls, fewer women and girls will be infected with HIV, or they will fall victim to an imperfect antiretroviral therapy system. We need to radically change the way we do business in the field of AIDS. Gender equality and women's rights must be at the center. If we want to end the AIDS epidemic as a public health emergency by 2030, to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, we need to lose confidence and stop turning a blind eye to gender-based violence," said Winnie Bianima, executive director UN.

One third of women and adolescent girls worldwide are physically and (or) sexually abused by men, male partners or strangers. This violence takes place in their homes and neighborhoods, where they need to feel most safe. And this huge statistic does not take into account the millions of women and girls who have faced many other forms of gender-based violence and harmful practices. According to reports, during the COVID-19 pandemic, reports of intimate partner violence, child and forced marriages, female genital surgery, and sexual violence only increased.

In countries with a high HIV prevalence, intimate partner violence can increase the likelihood of HIV infection for women by 50%. Violence or fear of it blocks women's access to services and prevents them from negotiating condom use with rapists, disclosing their HIV status, or continuing to receive HIV treatment.

Many women living with HIV also suffer from discrimination and sexual and reproductive rights violations in health care facilities. Sex workers, women drug users, as well as bisexuals and transgender people are at extremely high risk of contracting HIV, gender and sexual violence, largely due to stigma, discrimination and criminalization.

Five key actions:

  • According to the UN General Assembly's Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS, "Eradicating Inequality and Towards Eradicating AIDS by 2030", Ms. Bianima called on governments, UN organizations, sponsors, service providers and all stakeholders to respond to HIV. to immediately and systematically eliminate the link between HIV and violence against women and girls in all their diversity, including through follow-up.
  • Understanding the basics: as a minimum, countries should adhere to international standards for the provision of health care to women and girls living with HIV or at increased risk of HIV infection by implementing measures to prevent and respond to gender-based violence in HIV-related services in including for women from key populations, and ensuring the protection of sexual and reproductive health and related rights.
  • Early Prevention of HIV and Gender-Based Violence: Work with adolescents (girls and boys) to address harmful gender norms by investing in gender-responsive education and related activities, including comprehensive sex education, teaching students to respect physical caring for each other. consent, to go on safe dates and use condoms as the norm, and to ensure absolute intolerance of gender-based violence, stigma and discrimination against HIV.
  • Encouraging men to use HIV-related services and more: HIV programs for men and boys should include gender-responsive approaches to combating harmful masculinity that contributes to the spread of HIV and violence against women and girls. Men and boys should be involved in HIV testing and treatment, and the need to respect women's sexual and reproductive health rights and their rights to be free from gender-based violence should be clarified. Ending impunity for violence against women and girls living with HIV: legal reforms and enforcement must be accelerated to protect the right of all women to live without violence, regardless of their HIV status or other factors, and the abuse of criminal laws aimed at or disproportionately affecting women on the basis of their sexuality, sexual activity, HIV status, gender or drug use. The legal literacy of women and girls living with HIV or at risk of HIV should be raised and informed about their rights and where to seek legal aid and justice. Access to grievance and redress mechanisms for gender-based violence and violations of reproductive rights in health and other services needs to be provided.
  • Investing in women leaders who can change both HIV and gender-based violence: we need to establish mechanisms for the constructive participation and leadership of women and girls living with HIV and at risk of HIV infection, in all their diversity, with appropriate measures for a double pandemic of AIDS and violence against women and girls. It is necessary to invest in the feminist movement and programs to combat HIV led by women, as well as to appreciate their experience and knowledge, which are the basis of effective action in response to HIV.

Source: Исполнительный директор ЮНЭЙДС призывает действовать, чтобы переломить ситуацию с ВИЧ и насилием в отношении женщин и девочек

Condoms are the most important element of comprehensive prevention

When used correctly and consistently, male and female contraceptives, together with lubricants, provide a high level of protection against HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, as well as unwanted pregnancies. Contraceptive use has had a huge impact on the global AIDS pandemic: simulations have shown that increasing the frequency of condom use since 1990 has prevented some 117 million new cases of HIV.

If the use of contraceptives increases to 95% of all high-risk sexual intercourse by 2025, the coverage of all other preventive measures remains at 2019, and about a third of the required reduction in new HIV infections will be achieved. Despite the possibility of constant use of condoms, it is very difficult for all groups to implement this in practice. For example, women in many countries need active engagement and support to agree on regular contraceptive use. Some people also choose other methods of HIV prevention if possible.To achieve the 2025 goal of reducing the number of new HIV cases to less than 370,000, it is necessary to increase investment in comprehensive HIV prevention to ensure access to and use of condoms, as well as a full range of other prevention methods for 95% of people with high levels of HIV. the level of risk of HIV infection.

An international team of scientists has reported that the man has fully recovered from AIDS

Researchers say a 34-year-old "Brazilian patient" whose name has not been released has completely recovered from Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which is caused by the immunodeficiency virus (HIV) without a bone marrow transplant. He was diagnosed with HIV in 2012 and was treated with several experimental antiviral drugs, including maraviroc and dolutegravir. The man has not taken medication for more than 57 weeks, and his tests show no HIV in the body.

One of the participants in the study, Ricardo Diaz, a professor at the University of São Paulo, said the man could be considered completely cured of AIDS.

Sharon Lewin, co-chair of the International AIDS Society's HIV Initiative, said the researchers' results were "very interesting" but should be taken with caution. In particular, she noted that tests of the "Brazilian patient" over time began to indicate a possible weaker response of the immune system: "It is very unusual to see this in a person who does not take antiviral drugs." It should be noted that previously only two people in the world were reported to have fully recovered from AIDS - the so-called "London" and "Berlin" patients. However, the procedure for their treatment involved a complex operation - a bone marrow transplant.



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