Countering the spread of infectious diseases among the military continues

The military mobile hospitals that perform their assigned tasks in the area of ​​hostilities have received and are already implementing multi-tests assigned to the International Institute for HIV / AIDS and Tuberculosis.

These test systems are aimed at the rapid detection of such socially dangerous infectious diseases in blood samples as hepatitis B and C, syphilis and HIV.

Appropriate assistance to the Armed Forces of Ukraine was made possible by the implementation of the project of the US President's Emergency Plan to Assist in the Fight against HIV / AIDS (PEPFAR).

Covid-19 vs Tuberculosis: how to distinguish

The Covid-19 pandemic has challenged the world. And not only in terms of the readiness of medicine to fight the new virus, but also in the ability to continue to resist other serious diseases, including tuberculosis. The statistics, which show a significant reduction in the incidence of tuberculosis, are in no hurry to rejoice. After all, the reason for the optimistic figures may be only the lack of detection of tuberculosis, according to the Center for Public Health.

In 2020, 17,593 cases of active tuberculosis, including recurrences, were registered in Ukraine. Per 100,000 population, the incidence rate is 42.2, which is almost 30% less than in the previous year. A similar situation with problems in the detection of tuberculosis is observed around the world as a result of measures to counter the pandemic.

According to the WHO, the estimated incidence in Ukraine is 34,000 cases (22,000 - 48,000) or 77 per 100,000 of us (from 50 to 110), respectively, the pandemic simply deepened the problem of undetectable tuberculosis.

According to modeling conducted by the WHO in 2020, it is determined that the COVID-19 pandemic will reduce the detection of tuberculosis, while mortality from this disease will increase. It is estimated that between 2020 and 2025, an additional 1.4 million TB deaths may be reported as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Another batch of rapid tests was handed over to the Ministry of Defense to detect socially dangerous diseases

On May 20, the International Non-Governmental Organization "International Institute of HIV / AIDS and Tuberculosis" passed another batch of rapid multi-tests to detect socially dangerous diseases among the personnel of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

Rapid tests for hepatitis B, C, syphilis and HIV were transferred to the Sanitary and Epidemiological Department of the Medical Forces Command of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, which further distributed on-demand tests among military-mobile hospitals performing tasks in the area of ​​hostilities.

Already, the tests are arriving at destinations in the area of ​​environmental protection.

The criteria for donation have been changed: homosexual relations have been removed from the list of prohibitions for blood donation

Homosexual people were allowed to be blood donors in Ukraine. The ban lasted 15 years. This was announced on April 15 by human rights activists of the National Network of Paralegals. It is noted that previously homosexual relationships were equated with forms of risky behavior. Currently, only the updated text of the "Procedure for medical examination of blood donors and blood components" is available, in which there is no paragraph on homosexual orientation. Human rights activists call the decision a step forward. They fought for years to lift the ban.

It is worth noting that in 2015, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that it was unacceptable to ban homosexual donors if there were methods that could detect HIV and surveys that could ensure the safety of the recipient. After all, otherwise such a situation can be considered discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation.

However, such a ban was in force for the following reasons. It is believed that homosexual people, including men, are more likely to be infected with HIV / AIDS and some types of hepatitis. Accordingly, it threatens the life and health of anyone who receives blood from such a donor.



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