HIV / AIDS prevention becomes easier when you know more about the nature of disease.
AIDS is described as a plague of the twentieth century, but in the 21st century it threatens the existence of mankind. Despite the constant work on the creation of drugs that would help completely get rid of the disease, the comforting result is still not enough.
That is why the main task of each person is prevention.
HIV is a human immunodeficiency virus, and AIDS is a complex reaction of the organism to an infectious disease that develops. Getting into the human body, the DNA of the virus comes in contact with the DNA of the host. When the immune system begins to produce antibodies, the virus actively mutated. HIV is an initial disease, and AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection.
HIV is contained in human biological fluids: blood (including menstrual), sperm, vaginal secretions, and also in maternal milk. Infection occurs only when these liquids enter the body.
The main ways of HIV transmission are:
- Unprotected sex
- Sharing tools for injection. Very rarely, HIV transmission occurs as a result of occupational injuries in health care workers (needle shot or cut by scalpel).
- From mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.
- Stages of HIV infection:
- Asymptomatic stage (duration from 3 to 15 years): a person is clinically healthy, but due to the presence of HIV in the body is able to infect others.
- Stage of generalized lymphadenopathy. There is a steady increase in lymph nodes in different parts of the human body for at least 3 months.
- Stage of AIDS-Associated Complex. Reduces body mass, chronic fatigue, drowsiness, nocturnal sweating, fever, itching of the skin and mucous membranes, including the eyes, increase in the spleen.
- The stage is actually AIDS. With a gradual decrease in immunity there is a defeat of vital systems of the human body with concomitant diseases.
In Ukraine, people usually die from tuberculosis, pneumonia and cancer-induced tumors caused by AIDS. Even if an HIV-positive person feels well, the presence of HIV in her body means that there will eventually be a vulnerability to infections that people with intact immune systems can easily cope with.
Therefore, it is vital for HIV-positive people to take care of their own health: to abandon substances that suppress the immune system (tobacco, alcohol / drugs), to avoid stress, to engage in sports, to eat properly, to be observed regularly by a doctor in the local AIDS center, and also, if necessary, to start special treatment on time.
The basis for HIV / AIDS prevention is a healthy lifestyle, respect for personal hygiene rules, and the protection of sexual relations, which is facilitated by the full awareness of the population about HIV infection and the mechanisms for its transmission.
According to the legislation of Ukraine, anyone can go through voluntary testing for HIV. Before and after the examination, a specialist is being consulted.
You can learn more about it here.