HIV / AIDS denialists: who they are and how dangerous they are

HIV / AIDS denialists – people who believe that the immunodeficiency virus does not exist, and therefore they refuse to take therapy and go to the doctor. This movement is almost as old as the HIV virus itself, discovered in 1981, and three years later psychiatrist Casper Schmidt published the first known critique of the link between AIDS and the new virus. Schmidt argued that "AIDS has a psychosocial origin, and the hypothesis of its infectious nature is generated by the stereotypical thinking of scientists who tend to look for viruses for unexplored diseases." Schmidt himself died of AIDS in 1994.

The views of these people, as well as those of any other pseudo-scientific theory, differ - some consider HIV and AIDS a scam and a hoax, while others say that AIDS exists but arises for other reasons. Some people believe that AIDS is curable, but antiretroviral therapy undermines the immune system. Some acknowledge the existence of HIV, but call it a safe virus.

Regarding treatment, in thematic communities of social networks, are discussed methods of treatment of AIDS and other diseases by starvation, vodka, living and dead water, cumin oil, homeopathic remedies, information and biowave therapy and acupuncture, etc. By the way, in the same communities quite seriously write about the harm of vaccinations, the treatment of cancer with apricot kernel oil and soda, the lack of evidence of hepatitis C.

There is a category of people who do not have a positive HIV status, but they spread information about the absence of the virus. One of the favorite arguments of such people is the "conspiracy of pharmaceutical companies." Another argument is the lack of consensus among physicians on HIV / AIDS. There are dozens of videos on YouTube where people who call themselves doctors claim that there is no immunodeficiency virus.

Until the early 2000s, the scientific community paid little attention to HIV denials: the fight against AIDS was carried out internationally, and funding for research and treatment was sufficient. The impact of AIDS deniers was minimal, despite the fact that they sought to publish their dubious ideas somewhere.

The situation changed when the new president Thabo Mbeki came to power in South Africa. One of his "achievements" was the declaration of AIDS as a hoax at the state level. Mbeki believed that 13 AIDS-associated infections were the result of the country's poverty, not HIV at all. Influenced by Dr. Matthias Rat, a manufacturer of multivitamins, the South African president, along with the country's health minister, called the only method of fighting the disease - the medicine of "tribal sorcerers." By preventing the spread of antiretroviral drugs, they have killed at least 365,000 people. The share of HIV-positive people in the population of South Africa has become the largest on the planet.

As a result of this catastrophe, a declaration was signed in Durban in 2005 confirming the link between HIV and AIDS. More than 5,000 scientists, Nobel laureates, doctors and biologists have signed this document. To exclude allegations of bias, the list of declarants did not include any doctor or researcher associated with pharmaceutical companies.

Of course, being diagnosed with HIV is always a shock. Therefore, having received terrible information for themselves, a person turns to Internet resources, looking for more data. And there are numerous forums where the existence of the virus is denied. There are reports that antiretroviral therapy is killing the liver, that acquaintances have been living with HIV for 15 years and are feeling well. This is a typical defensive reaction. A person seeks support, he cannot accept the diagnosis and understand how to live on.

However, it should be understood that the propaganda of HIV dissidents almost always leads to tragic consequences. The story of a family that killed their children by refusing to accept therapy is not an isolated one. But there are no legal levers of pressure on HIV dissidents. The fact is that the law does oblige parents to monitor their children's health, and refusing to take antiretroviral therapy violates it, but at the same time, Ukrainian law prohibits the disclosure of HIV. Accordingly, doctors who know that someone's children are not receiving treatment are not allowed to report to the police - otherwise, they will face a criminal case.

But there is one effective strategy of influence: the infectious disease doctor who observes HIV + child, in the absence of treatment, writes an official statement to social services, informing them that the child has an infectious chronic disease (without specifying which), which in the case failure to provide care can lead to loss of health and death. Social services have all the levers - from motivational talks to lawsuits to deprive parents of their rights. Pediatricians claim that they wrote such appeals and before reaching the court, the parents began to help the child in the treatment of HIV.

*Based on materials УП.Життя and GET.TEST

2000 units of multi-tests for HIV / AIDS and hepatitis were transferred to the ranks of the Armed Forces of Ukraine

The International Non-Governmental Organization “International Institute of HIV / AIDS and Tuberculosis” together with the Sanitary and Epidemiological Department of the Command of the Medical Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine continues to implement an effective strategy to combat socially dangerous infections among personnel of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Thus, on April 30, the Armed Forces of Ukraine received and delivered 2 000 units of multitests to diagnose the social dangerous infections.

The test systems will be distributed among military medical hospitals and medical units of military units involved in repelling and deterring the armed aggression of the Russian Federation in Donetsk and Luhansk regions.

Once again about HIV: what this disease is, how to get it and how to avoid it

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that suppresses the human immune system by integrating into the DNA of a human cell and blocking its protective functions.

When HIV enters the bloodstream, it attaches to the blood cells that are responsible for immunity, and the active reproduction of HIV begins. Throughout the period of the disease there is no effective response to the presence of HIV. This can be mainly explained by the fact that immune cells are damaged and cannot function properly. HIV is characterized by the absence of pronounced and characteristic symptoms and it is possible to find out about the presence of HIV infection in the body only after passing an HIV test.

In the external environment, HIV is not stable: at a temperature of 56 ° C it dies in 30 minutes, when boiled - instantly. The virus dies quickly when using disinfectants, under the influence of 20% ethanol, ether, acetone, 0.2% sodium hypochlorite, 1% glutaraldehyde. However, it is resistant to ionizing radiation, ultraviolet radiation. In the blood intended for transfusion, the virus lives for years, and in frozen serum its activity persists for up to 10 years.

Ways of HIV transmission:

Sexual (with homo- and heterosexual contacts). In the majority of cases, HIV is sexually transmitted. This is due to the high concentration of HIV in semen, especially during inflammatory diseases and the presence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). For this reason, the risk of HIV transmission in the presence of STIs increases. In addition, concomitant infections are often associated with the development of various formations that disrupt the integrity of the genital mucosa - cracks, ulcers, etc. HIV can also be found in vaginal discharge and cervical discharge.

Parenteral (transfusion of blood and its components, as well as injections). Injecting drug users are at increased risk of contracting HIV when using syringes and needles. There is also a high risk during a blood transfusion procedure or its components. If the infected blood was transfused to a healthy person, in 90-100% of cases there is an infection. With the introduction of mandatory HIV testing of blood donors, the risk of infection has been significantly reduced. However, even in developed countries, cases of infection of a whole group of patients from one HIV-infected donor are rare, due to violations of the method of testing donor blood.

Vertical (from mother to child in utero, during childbirth or during breastfeeding). HIV has the ability to cross the placenta, so infection of the fetus can occur during pregnancy or childbirth. The magnitude of the risk depends on the level of medical supervision and treatment of the woman during pregnancy, the mother's medical indications and the stage of HIV. The possibility of infecting a child during childbirth is indicated by the following observations: 1) in multiple pregnancies, the twin born first has a higher risk of infection from an HIV-infected mother than the twin born second; 2) the risk of infection from an HIV-infected mother during a cesarean section is lower than during delivery through the natural birth canal. There is also a real risk of transmitting the infection during breastfeeding. If the mother is HIV-positive, breastfeeding is contraindicated.

How it is impossible to get HIV:

Transmission of HIV infection through household contact, as well as insect bites for more than twenty-five years of HIV study has not been registered. There is also no convincing evidence of HIV transmission through saliva - no significant cases of HIV infection have been reported during kissing or accidental saliva on the skin and mucous membranes. There are at least two reasons that explain the low probability of HIV infection through saliva: 1) the virus is found in the saliva of only a few HIV-infected people and is present there in small quantities; 2) saliva contains a protein, a secretory inhibitor of leukocyte proteases, which prevents infection of HIV cells. Although there are cases of HIV infection after contact with saliva, in reality they may be due to the transmission of the virus through the blood. Although HIV can be present in almost all body fluids, there is no evidence that the virus is transmitted through tears, sweat, or urine. The hypothesis of HIV infection involving insects has also not been confirmed.

What protects against infection ?:

  • the presence of a permanent sexual partner;
  • avoid casual sex (with any casual sex, use a condom). This will protect not only from HIV, but also from sexually transmitted infections, hepatitis B and C;
  • use of individual syringes, needles.


Useful questions that will help you not get tuberculosis

In February 2020, 1,987 new cases of tuberculosis were officially registered in Ukraine. In total, 18 647 people were treated for tuberculosis as of February. It should be noted that 23% of tuberculosis cases in Ukraine are noticed too late. Not only does this affect the outcome and duration of treatment, it also contributes to the spread of the disease.

What is Tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease has a chronic course. The lungs of the patient (pulmonary tuberculosis or pulmonary tuberculosis) are most often affected, and in the case of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis other organs can be affected, in particular, bones, skin, brain membranes, nervous system, kidneys, liver and others.

How does tuberculosis spread and what causes it?

Tuberculosis spreads from person to person through the air, through the air-dropping mechanism of transmission. This is mainly when individuals with an active (open) form of tuberculosis cough, sneeze, or spit, causing mycobacteria to get into the air. To get infected, only a small number of tuberculosis sticks are enough. The highest risk of contracting the patient is from family members, colleagues or health care providers who have been in contact with a patient with open tuberculosis for a long time.

Tuberculosis pathogen is quite stable in the environment: it can withstand drying for up to several weeks, heating to 100 degrees Celsius for 5-7 minutes. The tuberculosis wand under the influence of ultraviolet radiation (UFO) is destroyed.

What are the symptoms of tuberculosis?

Symptoms of active (open) tuberculosis: persistent cough lasting more than 3 weeks; sputum contains traces of blood; chest pain; feeling of constant fatigue, weakness; loss of appetite; weight loss; night sweat (sweating); feverish 37-38 ° C or reduced temperature 35.5 ° C; chills; sensation of a laceration in the neck.

The course of the active phase of tuberculosis (open form) can be subacute (moderate) for many months. The dangerous consequence of such a subacute course of the disease is that the patients can delay the visit to the doctor, while at the same time spreading the bacterium to others, being contagious. People with active tuberculosis can infect from 5 to 15 people who are contacted during the year. Without appropriate treatment, about 45% of people without HIV-related immunodeficiency and almost all HIV-positive patients with tuberculosis die.

How is tuberculosis diagnosed?

In laboratory conditions, specimens of sputum from the lungs of the patient under a microscope determine whether mycobacterium tuberculosis is present. However, only half of tuberculosis cases can be recorded microscopically, and antibiotic resistance is not determined.

To diagnose tuberculosis, the following studies are also performed: fluorography (or radiological examination) of the chest; standard and specialized blood tests; laboratory examination of sputum of the patient; Mantoux test is a skin test for the presence of a specific immune response to mycobacterium tuberculosis by intra-cutaneous injection of tuberculin.

Is it possible to cure tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis is a treatable disease. Active drug-sensitive tuberculosis is treated with a standard 6-month (sometimes up to 9-month) course of 4 antimicrobials. It is important to follow the whole course of treatment. Otherwise, there is a high probability that the tuberculosis infection will not be completely cured and will return soon. If tuberculosis is left untreated, then mycobacterium may become resistant to the previously used medications and, accordingly, will become insensitive to subsequent treatment.

Tuberculosis is an infection that develops very rapidly and progresses primarily in a weakened body with low resistance, a weak immune system. That is why it is important to keep in mind the simple tips on eating healthy, being physically active, and seeking medical help promptly. However, such "simple" tips can save lives and preserve your health, and if properly treated, tuberculosis can almost always be cured.



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