The most popular myths about HIV / AIDS

We are faced with fake information every day. In something we believe, and something we reject at once. The most effective method of combating myths and their destructive effects is to check information with using official and reliable sources. We offer to your attention a selection of the most popular myths about HIV / AIDS:

HIV is transmitted with kissing, coughing and sneezing - myth!

Saliva, sputum, tears, sweat, urine, and vomit can not become a cause of HIV infection. Also absolutely safe are hugs and handshakes.

  • You can be infected with a virus through household items - dishes, clothes, telephone, toilet, etc. - myth!

This is not possible in the same way as infection through food prepared by an HIV-infected person.

  • HIV can be picked up through insect bites - myth!

Mosquitoes, flies, bugs, lice can not tolerate the immune deficiency virus.

  • HIV can be infected through the wool of a cat, a dog's bite or contact with a wild animal - myth!

Animals can not tolerate the immune deficiency virus.

  • Anal sex can not be the cause of infection - myth!

Any sexual contact without a condom (anal, vaginal, oral) can become the cause of infection.

  • HIV can not get infected in beauty salons - myth!

Any tools that are used repeatedly for injections, piercings, tattoos, can become the cause of infection. Make sure the wizard has sterilized the tools.

  • HIV is not transmitted from mother to child - myth!

HIV is transmitted during pregnancy and childbirth, during breastfeeding from an HIV-infected woman to a child, if they do not use prophylaxis.

Take care of yourself and check the information.

Happy International Women’s Day!

Dear women! Wish you happiness and warm, miles, sunshine and happy emotions. Let this International Women’s Day will be the start of the brightest band in your life.

I wish you only good mood, love, happiness and joy!

Dr. Med. Eliot J. Pearlman, Director of the International Institute for HIV / AIDS and Tuberculosis.

What are the health rights of Ukrainians?

 

Knowing the rules of the law makes your life easier. In particular, knowledge of health care legislation helps to uphold the right to information about oneself and, at the same time, helps to ensure the confidentiality of medical information. Any person has the right to access information about his / her health. And medical workers are obliged to preserve the medical secret.

Documents on the rights of individuals in the field of health that may come in handy:

  • Constitution of Ukraine;
  • Law of Ukraine "On Protection of Personal Data";
  • The Civil Code of Ukraine;
  • The Law of Ukraine "Fundamentals of Ukrainian Health Law".

Article 32 of the Constitution of Ukraine stipulates that no one has the right to interfere in the personal and family life of a person, except in cases stipulated by the Constitution. The health worker have to provide the patient with all available and reliable information about his health status. Medical documentation should be provided at the request of the patient or legal representative. 

A person may not want to share information about a disease with his or her relatives, then she should identify the range of people who can report health status. Disclosure is possible only in individual cases and only in the interests of the patient.

Article 285 of the Civil Code of Ukraine defines the right to information on the state of his health and specifies that every adult person has the right to reliable information about his or her state of health, including access to relevant medical documents. And parents, adopters, guardian or trustee have the right to information about the health of the child or the ward.

In turn, article 285 of the Civil Code of Ukraine still mentions the right of a health worker to restrict the provision of information to a patient. This applies to the situation when information can worsen the health of such person or harm the treatment process. The same is stated in Article 39 of the Law of Ukraine "Fundamentals of Ukrainian Health Law".

Abought medical secrets, Article 132 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine states: "For the disclosure of medical information of incurable infectious disease criminal liability is provided".

A person who has identified HIV can rely on the confidentiality of information about his or her health status. In particular, test information is provided only to the person who received the test, to the health care professionals who provide assistance to that person, or, exceptionally, to other persons, if there is a relevant court decision. Information about the treatment of a person in a drug addiction institution can be provided to law enforcement authorities in case of bringing a person to criminal or administrative liability.

Preventing the spread of tuberculosis diseases

Tuberculosis is difficult, but, in most cases, curable disease. There is a tendency to increase the incidence of tuberculosis in Ukraine. There are many reasons for this. The main ones are: a non-serious attitude to health, a habit of appealing to a doctor as soon as possible, self-medication, unbalanced diet, ignoring the rules of hygiene and problems with culture of behavior in public places (in the hygiene's context).

Fighting the against the spread of the disease important to give the necessary attention to prevention and hygiene (regular handwashing after visiting public places, thorough washing of products before consumption, and using a medical mask that needs to be changed every 2 hours). According to statistics, annually 60% of patients with tuberculosis are completely cured. The main thing is to identify the problem in a timely manner.

З метою запобігання виникненню та поширенню серед військовослужбовців Збройних Сил України соціально небезпечних інфекцій, таких як туберкульоз, фахівцями 28 Регіонального санітарно-епідеміологічного управління було проведено черговий навчальний захід. Під час якого було роздано інформаційно-просвітницькі матеріали, створені та отримані завдяки співробітництву «Міжнародного Інституту проблем ВІЛ/СНІДу та туберкульозу», Служби превентивної медицини Міністерства оборони України та «Центру громадського здоров'я МОЗ України». В методичних матеріалах міститься інформація про туберкульоз та інші інфекційні захворювання, профілактику захворювань та ознаки для виявлення. Також в матеріалах міститься інформація про те як самостійно отримати методичні матеріали з приводу попередження та поширення даного захворювання за допомогою QR-коду з роз’ясненнями, як користуватися QR-кодами. 

In order to prevent the emergence and spread among social workers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine of infections such as tuberculosis, specialists of the 28th Regional Sanitary and Epidemiological Department held a regular educational event. During this event were distributed information and educational materials, created and received thanks to the cooperation of the International Institute of Problems of HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis, the Preventive Medicine Service of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine.

Methodological materials contain information abought tuberculosis and other infectious diseases, its prevention and signs for detection. Also, the materials contain information on how to independently receive methodological materials by QR-code and explaining how to use QR-codes.

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Phone: +38 (044) 569 28 52
Fax: +38 (044) 569 28 52
Staronavodnickaya 13A st., office 35.

Email: aids-institute@aids-institute.org

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