According to the WHO and UNAIDS statistics, there are from 36 to 42 million people affected by the human immunodeficiency virus in the world. The total number of people infected with HIV since the onset of the registered epidemic ranges from 65 to 88 million people: more than 39 million of them died from AIDS-related illnesses.
Ukraine occupies one of the first places among the countries of Europe in the number of HIV-positive persons. According to estimates, at the beginning of 2018, there were 244,000 HIV-positive people in Ukraine, and the prevalence of HIV in the age group of 15-49 years is one of the highest among countries in Europe. As of April 1 in 2018, 143,766 citizens living with HIV and under medical supervision were registered in Ukraine, including 45,019 AIDS patients. In total, from 1987 to March 2018, 319,976 cases of HIV infection were registered among Ukrainian citizens, including 104,443 AIDS cases and 45,775 deaths from AIDS-related illnesses.
Although the number of deaths from AIDS is decreasing, but WHO and UNAIDS still characterize the HIV / AIDS situation as a pandemic. In 26 countries, AIDS remains among the top five causes of premature death and disability. Ukraine also belongs to such countries. However, HIV is not a sentence: timely detection and treatment are the key to a full-fledged long life. A modern standard approach for all HIV-positive patients is the treatment of at least three different antiretroviral medicaments. Antiretroviral combination therapy does not allow the virus to multiply. This allows the immune system to recover, prevent the development of AIDS and concomitant diseases.
To date, the life expectancy of an HIV-infected person receiving Antiretroviral combination therapy does not differ from the life expectancy of a healthy person of the same age. People with HIV are active in social and professional life. With the spread of ART in the world, the number of deaths associated with AIDS has been reduced by 43% since 2003.
Unfortunately, in Ukraine, almost half of people who living with HIV don't know about their HIV-positive status. In turn, the International HIV / AIDS and Tuberculosis Institute is working to ensure information about ways of spreading and preventing infectious diseases falls to Ukrainians, including the personnel of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. So watch out for your health, do not be indifferent and take care of yourself!