Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are a national health problem in Ukraine. According to the Ministry of Health in Ukraine annually, about 400 thousand new cases of syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, herpes, genitourinary mycoplasmosis, genital candidiasis and trichomoniasis are registered. The official statistic reflects, from various estimates, from 30% to 40% of the actual number of cases of STIs.
The STI problem can not be separated from the HIV / AIDS epidemic in Ukraine, as one of the main ways of transmission of HIV is sexually transmitted. According to statistics, today, the proportion of HIV infections due to the injection of narcotic drugs has resulted in the incidence of fatal sexually transmitted infections. This necessitates the intensification of STI diagnostic and treatment activities in risk groups for HIV in order to prevent the further spread of HIV in Ukraine.
According to research, the presence of STI significantly increases the risk of transmission and infection of HIV by sexually transmitted. In particular, HIV transmission is facilitated by syphilis, genital herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, candidiasis, mycoplasmosis, and other sexually transmitted infections. Erosion and ulcers, inflammation, tissue damage caused by STIs, weaken the factors protecting the body from HIV infection.
But the infection can be warned. Barrier contraceptive methods are the best protection against many STIs, including HIV and hepatitis. With proper and sustainable use, condoms are one of the most effective ways to protect against infection and preventing unwanted pregnancy. However, it should be borne in mind that a condom does not guarantee 100% of the result, as there is always the risk of its misuse, poor quality or damage to the integrity, so it is worth visiting the doctor for examination at least once a year.