A mobile clinic for HIV-positive children has been launched in Lviv region

A mobile clinic for HIV-positive children has been launched in Lviv region. This is the first social collaboration in Ukraine, when the online car service is used instead of buying cars. The main goal of mobile clinics is to be closer to children with HIV-positive status who need the attention of doctors and social workers.

A mobile clinic is a car with portable diagnostic equipment. As well as a medical team - a pediatrician or infectious disease specialist, a nurse, a social worker and a doctor. Their task is to provide medical care to HIV-positive children, as well as to HIV-infected pregnant women in the most remote regions of our country. There live people who for months and sometimes years can not get to the doctors on their own. They cannot receive a primary diagnosis, donate blood for testing, receive prescriptions and advice on the treatment needed for HIV-positive and AIDS patients.

According to the director of the Lviv Regional Center for Public Health Maryana Sluzhynska, the project is extremely important, because now it is possible to provide targeted medical, social and psychological assistance to children who need it.

For the first time in history, the process of death of a cell infected with tuberculosis was filmed

A group of researchers from the Norwegian University of Natural and Technical Sciences (NTNU) first filmed the infection killing cells and spreading through the body.

Norwegian experts filmed the infected cells for 24 hours and saw how it die. Bacteria begin to multiply rapidly and rupture cells from within, and then spread throughout the body, causing inflammation that damages the lung tissue. The person begins to cough and thus spreads the infection.

"Bacteria work in two modes: in one they divide and multiply, hiding inside the cell in which they live, in the other - they break out and infect healthy tissues," says Professor Helen Flo of the Center for Molecular Research in Inflammation NTNU.

In addition, it turned out that the tubercle bacillus can live a long time in the body, deceiving the immune system: it hides inside macrophages, which, in fact, just have to find and destroy it. Scientists believe that their discovery will help create a new type of treatment.

"It could control cell's death and tissue damage caused by bacteria. In combination with antibiotics, this method would be extremely effective," says Flo.

A round table on the specifics of providing services to HIV-infected servicemen took place in Kyiv

On September 23, a round table was held on the topic: "Peculiarities of providing a package of services to HIV-infected servicemen during the COVID-19 pandemic"

The event was organized by the International NGO "International Institute of HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis". Representatives of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, the Public Health Center of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, non-governmental organizations working in the field of HIV / AIDS, etc. took part in the discussion.

During the round table, was discussed the status of providing a package of services to servicemen with HIV / AIDS during the COVID-19 pandemic, the organization of HIV index testing and the procedure of cooperation between medical units of the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Health of Ukraine on a patient-centered basis. Each of the participants shared their experience of working in a pandemic.

Thus, Tetyana Krasnopolska, a doctor-methodologist of the Department for Coordination of the Public Health Center of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, analyzed national recommendations for providing a package of services to HIV-infected people, as well as organizing HIV prevention and testing during the epidemic COVID -19. In turn, Svitlana Yesypenko, director of the Odessa Regional Center for Socially Significant Diseases, spoke about the organization of index testing for HIV partners of HIV-infected people in the Odessa region, in particular, among servicemen and noted the effectiveness of the approach chosen by the organization. Daria Dobroshtan, Officer of the Epidemiological Department of the Sanitary and Epidemiological Department of the Armed Forces Command, shared her experience in using EpiInfo software in the epidemiological surveillance system in the Armed Forces of Ukraine and its successful involvement in further analysis of HIV / AIDS data. 

As a result of cooperation and effective communication during the round table, a plan of priority measures to combat the spread of HIV, tuberculosis and viral hepatitis B and C among servicemen was formed and approved. Adherence to this plan will help reduce the risk of infection among certain groups, including servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

Why is it important to get vaccinated against tuberculosis?

The main signs of tuberculosis are cough for more than two weeks, malaise, weakness, weight loss, night sweats, prolonged subfibrillation. It should be noted that this condition can last quite a long time. To avoid tuberculosis, you should first of all take care of yourself, your immunity, try to lead a healthy lifestyle and when the above symptoms do not delay a visit to the doctor.

"There is a vaccine against tuberculosis. Vaccination is carried out with BCG vaccine for 3-5 days after the birth of a child, it prevents severe and generalized forms of tuberculosis in children, due to which they may die or remain disabled. Unfortunately, in the future, this vaccine does not save from infection or disease "- says pediatric tuberculosis and pediatric pulmonologist, chief specialist in pediatric tuberculosis Julia Letz

According to her, at risk are children and adolescents who are in direct contact with patients with open tuberculosis, and children who have not been vaccinated at birth with BCG vaccine. Also at risk are people of all ages with chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes, systemic diseases and all conditions characterized by a significant decrease in the patient's immunity.

Do not forget that tuberculosis can be not only the lungs but also all organs and systems: central nervous system, bones, skin, eyes, genitourinary system, several organs can be involved in the process simultaneously. Therefore it is necessary to treat tuberculosis carefully, following all recommendations of the phthisiologist who selects the scheme and a treatment mode according to features of each patient and sensitivity of its activator. After all, the most terrible to date is tuberculosis with the so-called broad drug resistance. It is dangerous for life not to treat tuberculosis at any stage, because as it progresses, it can very quickly lead to death.

Note that tuberculosis causes the death of more than 1.5 million people annually. This is more than from any other infectious disease.

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