There are more than 244 thousand people living with HIV in Ukraine. Charitable organization "100 percent of life" initiated a special project "Know Your Rights!" - for people who living with HIV, and their relatives. And also - medical and social workers, human rights activists, public activists, police officers, etc.
Within the framework of this project, Tetiana Krasnopolskaya (Public Health Center of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine) described some of the medical rights of people living with HIV.
In recent years, the HIV / AIDS situation in Ukraine has changed dramatically. The attitude to the disease, approaches to treatment and the testing process has changed.
For any illness, there are 4 whales that we are influencing and want to know, namely: diagnosis, treatment, prevention and prognosis/quality of life.
Today, the testing process is as close as possible to each persone and takes 15 minutes. HIV testing is included in the mandatory package of studies that are guaranteed by the state. The test is not obligatory for everyone, but testing is obliged to offer for the following signs: available risk behavior (it is necessary to undergo testing every three months), after blood transfusion and its components (it is necessary to be tested after 3 and 6 months), in the presence of signs of HIV-indicator diseases (it is useful to undergo one-time testing) and in discordant pairs (to be tested every 3 months). If you do not fit any of these groups, you still can not refuse the test.
Due to HIV / AIDS programs in Ukraine, qualitative new approaches to treatment and new high-performance antiretroviral drugs are being implemented, minimizing side effects. Today, the amount of drugs is reduced to 1 drug per day. In addition, due to medical reform, antiretroviral treatment will soon be available to a family doctor.
The best prevention is using antiretroviral drugs. But HIV is not the only one problem; there are many other infections that are sexually transmitted and through blood. So, the methods of prevention include, as well, the use of condoms and disposable syringes.
Prognosis/quality of life
The greater the level of awareness about HIV and the better access to testing and treatment services - the higher the likelihood of a favorable prognosis.
Important: if you already know about your HIV-positive status, take advantage of the opportunity to share this information with your loved ones, first of all with a partner. After all, people in your environment, have the rights too, including being healthy, to undergo testing and receive treatment.