PersonnelI of The International HIV / AIDS and Tuberculosis Institute celebrated the World Tuberculosis Day

Every year, on the 24th of March, is celebrated World Tuberculosis Day. The world's community pays attention of the planet's population for a serious problem of our time, which threatens the health of people around the world. Today, the staff of the International Institute of HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis joined the measures. They organized laying flowers near the monument of the Ukrainian writer Lesia Ukrainka.

This monument was chosen not at random way. Ukrainian Lesia almost all his life bravely fought tuberculosis.

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis transmitted by airborne droplets. One patient can infect 5-10 people who are in contact with him per year.

Most often, tuberculosis develops in people with a weakened immune system. Unfortunately, the level of spread of tuberculosis in Ukraine is characterized by a high risk of infection, most of whom do not even suspect the risk of infection by contacting patients in transport, shops, places of mass residence, etc.

According to official World Health Organization, in the world around 9.6 million people are ill with tuberculosis, about 1.5 million people die annually due to this disease.

Tuberculosis is one of the causes of mortality due to infectious diseases. More than 95% of TB deaths are registered in countries with a low standard of living. However, some achievements have been made on the way to overcoming tuberculosis by the world community: in 2015, the death rate from this disease decreased by 47% compared to 1990.

Today, preventive measures aimed at stabilizing the epidemic situation with tuberculosis. They consist, first of all, in vaccination and non-specific prophylaxis of the disease. In order to avoid infection it is necessary to observe a healthy lifestyle, fully eat, keep a home in a satisfactory sanitary condition, and so on.

Important: Early diagnosis is also an important link in the fight against the TB epidemic and preventing the spread of the population. In order to avoid complications and to be sure of your own health, you have to adhere to the main recommendations and first oa all is annual fluorographic reviews. According to WHO, in 2000 43 million people worldwide have been saved through early diagnosis and treatment.

Timely detection of tuberculosis is a decisive factor for its effective treatment. Do not delay the conduct of tuberculin diagnostics in children, prophylactic fluorographic examinations, adhere to a healthy lifestyle, rational nutrition, and rules of personal hygiene - this will be a guarantee of health and a significant step towards the epidemic.

International Institute of Problems of HIV / AIDS and Tuberculosis provided to military personnel of the Armed Forces of Ukraine specialized methodological literature

The guide of the International Institute of HIV / AIDS and Tuberculosis issues congratulates all Ukrainian servicemen on the onset of the spring and wishes our defenders good health and unlimited happiness. Let all your days will be sunny and joyful, arounded peace, love and harmony reign. Be always smiling, full of hope and optimism!

We also gladly inform you that in order to increase the commitment of the personnel of the military units (institutions) of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine to a healthy lifestyle, we have provided over 1,000 copies of professional methodological literature to the institutions of the Preventive Medicine Service of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Cabinets of Voluntary Counseling and Testing of the Southern Regional Department of Internal Affairs.

Good luck!


We are changing for the better!

Dear friends and colleagues!

We want to share with you the great news: the leadership of the IHATI officially registered personal QR-codes for easy access to products, which was developed by specialists of the International Institute of Problems of HIV / AIDS and Tuberculosis, The Preventive Medicine Service of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and Ukrainian scientists of Military Medical Academy.

Now you can scan the QR-code with your smartphone and download (in PDF) methodical recommendations, manuals, samples of information gambling cards and other materials immediately.

Watch out for our products in a new format!

Terrible statistics from the Center for Public Health

According to Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), the epidemic of HIV infection in Ukraine is the second largest among the countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Ukraine continues to work in search of new resources and tools on the "way to accelerate the fight against AIDS". Despite the challenges and risks facing the country in the face of financial and military crises, the state, healthcare system and society are paying a lot of attention to HIV / AIDS problem. 

Based on the results of the annual reporting on HIV surveillance, the statistical indicators have been updated. For the period 1987 - 2017, the country officially registered 315,618 cases of this disease among Ukrainian citizens, including 102,205 AIDS cases and 45074 deaths from AIDS-related illnesses.

According to estimates, in Ukraine at the beginning of 2018, there were 241,000 people living with HIV of all ages. The prevalence of HIV in the age group of 15-49 years was 0.98%.

As of 01.01.2018, there were 141 371 HIV-infected persons under medical supervision, including one in three have a diagnos of AIDS.

Territorial spread of HIV infection is not uniform. The most intensively epidemic process of this disease takes place in the southern regions of Ukraine, in the territory of Dnipropetrovsk, Kyiv, Chernihiv and Donetsk regions, where the highest rates of HIV prevalence are recorded. In the western provinces of the country, the levels of HIV infection prevalence are the lowest. More than half of the patients, who are officially under medical supervision, live in the territories of Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Odessa regions and Kyiv.

In 2017, the number of newly registered HIV-infected persons increased in Ukraine - 18 194 against 17 066 in 2016, the rate of growth was + 7%, the rate of morbidity was 42.8 per 100 100 thousand population versus 40.0 in the previous year. Significant growth rates of morbidity are registered in Dnipropetrovsk, Kirovograd, Odessa, Khmelnytsky, and Chernihiv oblasts.

The increase in the number of newly registered patients in more than 1,000 patients was due to the involvement of people with positive results of HIV testing in previous years and the revitalization of the work of the Donetsk and Luhansk regional AIDS centers in the medical surveillance.

Among people who became infected with HIV, 58.7% were men, 41.3% were women, 74.5% were urban residents, 25.5% were villagers.

HIV infection continues to spread among the general population at the expense of the sexual transmission pathway, retains the activity of the parenteral route of transmission when injected into narcotic drugs.

According to the strategy "Accelerated overcoming of the HIV epidemic", aimed at eradicating the epidemic until 2030, as a threat to public health, in order to ensure healthy life and well-being of all people, Ukraine needs to simultaneously implement a series of measures aimed at active detection of undiagnosed HIV infection, adherence to the continuous chain of provision of HIV services, intensive development of ART and effective treatment. It will provide an opportunity to live a life full of life of people living with HIV, stop the HIV / AIDS epidemic in the country, prevent new HIV infections and reduce the mortality of people from AIDS-related illnesses.

In article was used material from web site of  the state of The Center for Public Health.



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