Resist HIV / AIDS: A Plan to Improve the Use of Strategic Information

The epidemic of HIV infection remains a national-wide problem in Ukraine. Due to the crisis social and economic situation and complications in the eastern regions of Ukraine, it becomes increasingly difficult to predict the further development of the HIV epidemic

According to the updated estimate, at the beginning of 2018, there were 244 000 PLWH of all age categories living in Ukraine, taking into account the data of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the city of Sevastopol and the temporarily occupied territories of Donetsk and Lugansk. The prevalence of HIV among adults 15 years of age and older is estimated at 0.63%, in the age group of 15-49 years - 0.94%. As the 1st of October 1, 2018, 144 633 HIV-positive citizens of Ukraine, including 46 443 AIDS patients, were registered at the health care institutions; 98,936 patients received ART - 70.8% of the medical supervision group.

In order to contribute to the further development of the epidemic in the framework of the country's commitments to respond to the HIV epidemic, has been developed a Plan to Improve the Use of Strategic Information on HIV / AIDS. This document should become an instrument for informing and motivating state institutions, non-governmental organizations, international partners, other communities and organizations working in the field of HIV / AIDS.

The Government submitted a bill to approve the TB program until 2021

On the 14th of January, in Parliament, a draft of Law of Ukraine No. 9467 "On Approval of the National Targeted Social Program for Tuberculosis Control in 2018-2021" was registered.

The document states that the main goal of the program is to stabilize the sityation with tuberculosis in Ukraine, reduce its mortality rate and increase the efficiency of treatment of patients. The program provides for a rapid reform of the approaches to providing anti-TB health care to the population in Ukraine. One of the new strategic directions is the implementation of a model of anti-TB care tailored to people's needs.

"Implementation of the program will provide 100% access to the treatment of all patients with tuberculosis through the introduction of a new approach that is as much as possible focused on the patient. First of all, this is the transition to outpatient care for tuberculosis patients, observing the modern principles of infection control, the introduction of short-term regimens of treatment with new drugs already registered in Ukraine in 2018 ", - commented the first deputy of general director of the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine Viktor Lyashko

The program provides access to timely diagnosis of tuberculosis by purchasing the necessary materials for molecular-genetic research methods, which allow for accurate diagnosis within two hours.

 

Viral Hepatitis C: What is it and where to check out yourself?

Viral hepatitis C - a disease caused by a virus that can be transmitted through the blood from one person to another. The disease primarily affects the liver and predetermines to the physical and emotional state of the person, in addition, it is a potential threat to life. As a result of the virus, the liver is damaged, which can not cope with the fulfillment of vital functions. Vaccines against hepatitis C do not exist. But in many cases a patient can be cured.

Symptoms may appear and disappear. Some people have no symptoms for many years, while others may feel fatigue, sweating (especially at night), muscle aches, loss of appetite and concentration. In later stages of the disease, when the liver is damaged more seriously, jaundice, itching, internal bleeding and clogging may occur.

Risk factors:

  • Getting cosmetic services, which includ contact with blood, as well as tattoos and piercings;

  • Staying on hemodialysis and / or often getting blood transfusion (or its components);

  • Birth of a mother who has hepatitis B diagnosed;

  • Sexual relations with a person who has been diagnosed with hepatitis B virus;

  • Being affiliated with people who have or have had numerous sexual contacts or remunerated sexual services;

  • Working in the field of health or another area that is potentially in contact with the blood;

  • Accommodation with a person who has been diagnosed with hepatitis B virus

  • Staying in countries with high prevalence of hepatitis B virus;

  • Living with HIV and / or the hepatitis C virus or have chronic liver disease;

  • Injecting drug use.

It is possible to undergo examination and treatment of hepatitis C virus in one of the institutions located on the map.

Accordingly: there are three types of tests for the detection of hepatitis C infection:

1. An antibody test for VGC determines whether you have ever had a virus. Some people get rid of the virus naturally, without medical assistance;

2. The Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) shows whether the virus is present in your body now. If the PCR test is positive, additional testing will show the genotype (strain) of the virus;

3. Genotyping (determining the genotype of the virus): the genotype determines the treatment that you will receive.

 

Know - means to prevent!

In order to prevent the emergence and spread of socially dangerous infections among the military personnel of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, such as tuberculosis, HIV infection, viral hepatitis B, C and sexually transmitted diseases, educational activities are constantly being conducted among personnel. 

Recently, specialists from the 28th Regional Sanitary and Epidemiological Department have received and disseminated educational materials and personal protective equipment (condoms). In addition, within the framework of the event, explanations were made on and how to use QR-codes to receive methodological materials about prevention and spread of infectious diseases among the personnel of the region of responsibility. Methodological literature was created and obtained through the cooperation of the International HIV / AIDS and Tuberculosis Institute, the Preventive Medicine Service of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine.

It is important to note that the problem of public health equals the problem of the existence of the nation. Worldwide, diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS remain one of the most serious medical and social problems. At the beginning of the 21st century, experts from the World Health Organization are compelled to admit that these diseases are a threat not only for individual countries, but for all humanity. In recent years, Ukraine has seen a sad tendency to increase the number of patients with tuberculosis, HIV / AIDS. For preventing illnesses is important to refute myths and provide reliable scientific information. It can help to detect infections and illnesses at an early stage and increase the life expectancy of the population. The spread of knowledge about tuberculosis, HIV / AIDS will allow solving such an important social problem as tolerance of society in relation to patients.



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Email: aids-institute@aids-institute.org

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