Scientists from Argentina have found a second person who managed to cure HIV naturallyScientists from Argentina have found a second person who managed to cure HIV naturally

A group of Harvard scientists at a large international meeting of HIV experts announced that a second human being had been found in Argentina to have defeated HIV on its own. She became a 30-year-old resident of Esperance, who has been battling the disease for more than eight years. The name of the Argentine is not specified - we only know that she was diagnosed in 2013, and her boyfriend died of AIDS.

The first patient who was able to overcome HIV was 67-year-old Lorin Willenberg from San Francisco, according to The Times.

Scientists believe that these cases will help bring the creation of drugs for 38 million people living with the virus that causes AIDS.

"Finding one patient with this natural ability to functionally treat the virus is good, but finding two ... means a lot more. This means that there should be more such people. This is a significant step forward in the world of HIV research, ”said the patient's doctor and HIV researcher from Buenos Aires.

Two women, Esperance and Willenberg, found themselves in a rare group of people called elite controllers who had never taken antiretroviral therapy to fight the virus and had no signs of the virus in their blood.

In 1995, researchers found out why HIV manages to return, even when it seems defeated. The virus "buries" part of itself in the body's hidden reservoirs, remaining inactive, leaving something like a "backup".

Doctors still do not know how to get to these hidden parts of the virus. The most promising approach may be the "shock and kill" method - to remove the virus from the shelter and destroy it. But researchers do not yet know how to wake him up without harming the patient. But for one in 200 elite controllers, much of the virus settles in inactive pieces of DNA known as "gene deserts" without causing any harm. The virus that remains there is removed by the body's immune system.

In 2020, the incidence of tuberculosis in Ukraine decreased by almost 30%

In 2020, 17,593 cases of active tuberculosis, including recurrences, were registered in Ukraine. This is 29.8% lower than in 2019, when 25,237 cases were registered, according to the Public Health Center of the Ministry of Health.

The highest incidence rates of tuberculosis were registered among the population of Odesa (2,171 cases), Dnipropetrovsk (2,005), Lviv (1,098) oblasts and the Ukrainian-controlled part of Donetsk (1,065) oblasts.

At the same time, in Ternopil region the largest decrease in morbidity was recorded - by 48.9%. There is also a noticeable decrease in Chernivtsi (43.8%), Ivano-Frankivsk (41.9%), Vinnytsia (39.4%) regions and Kyiv (37.8%).

A regional online conference dedicated to the presentation of the global report on AIDS for 2020 "Overcoming the pandemic: putting people's interests in the spotlight"

On March 1, 2021, a regional online conference dedicated to the presentation of the Global AIDS Report 2020 "Overcoming the Pandemic: Putting People's Interests in Focus" (Eastern Europe and Central Asia) was held, which became a platform for joint review of social and legal conditions in the region. to achieve the goals.

According to regional statistics, the treatment cascade of 90-90-90 in the regions is still far from being achieved and is rather 70-44-41. The reason for this indicator is considered to be late diagnosis - 53% of all new HIV / AIDS diagnoses in 2019 in the region were made at late stages.

It is noted that among the tasks of UNAIDS for 2025, much more attention is paid to social factors. But to achieve these goals, a new regulatory framework, laws, principles and educational campaigns are needed to eliminate stigma and discrimination, empower and stop marginalizing people at high risk of infection.

Thus, the report drew attention to the fact that in the region of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the situation with the legislation still does not meet the conditions that would help to eradicate the infection and stop the pandemic. And although the criminal code has changed in many countries, discriminatory laws are changing very slowly.

Recordings of the presentation in Russian and English and all other materials from the speeches can be viewed here.

Training "HIV counseling and testing using rapid multitests in the Armed Forces of Ukraine" took place in Dnipro

At the end of February, a three-day training "HIV Counseling and Testing with the Use of Rapid Multitests in the Armed Forces of Ukraine" was held in Dnipro with the participation of military doctors of the military medical clinical centers of the Eastern Region and subordinate units. Within the implementation of the PEPFAR project HIV / AIDS Prevention in the Armed Forces of Ukraine: testing and counseling, reducing the risk of infection on the battlefield. 

The main purpose of the training is to improve skills in HIV counseling, including index testing of HIV-infected partners and testing using rapid multitests.

The event was attended by organizations working or involved in the field of combating HIV / AIDS, in particular, trainers from the National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education. P.L. Shupik, City Center for AIDS Prevention and Control.

During the classes, the issues of the HIV / AIDS epidemic situation in Ukraine and among servicemen, ways to improve the interaction of medical units of the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Health of Ukraine on providing a package of services to servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine on HIV / AIDS based on patient-centered approach were considered. the rights of HIV-positive servicemen, providing psychological and spiritual assistance to HIV-infected servicemen, in particular, in the war zone and more.

 

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