What are the health rights of Ukrainians?

 

Knowing the rules of the law makes your life easier. In particular, knowledge of health care legislation helps to uphold the right to information about oneself and, at the same time, helps to ensure the confidentiality of medical information. Any person has the right to access information about his / her health. And medical workers are obliged to preserve the medical secret.

Documents on the rights of individuals in the field of health that may come in handy:

  • Constitution of Ukraine;
  • Law of Ukraine "On Protection of Personal Data";
  • The Civil Code of Ukraine;
  • The Law of Ukraine "Fundamentals of Ukrainian Health Law".

Article 32 of the Constitution of Ukraine stipulates that no one has the right to interfere in the personal and family life of a person, except in cases stipulated by the Constitution. The health worker have to provide the patient with all available and reliable information about his health status. Medical documentation should be provided at the request of the patient or legal representative. 

A person may not want to share information about a disease with his or her relatives, then she should identify the range of people who can report health status. Disclosure is possible only in individual cases and only in the interests of the patient.

Article 285 of the Civil Code of Ukraine defines the right to information on the state of his health and specifies that every adult person has the right to reliable information about his or her state of health, including access to relevant medical documents. And parents, adopters, guardian or trustee have the right to information about the health of the child or the ward.

In turn, article 285 of the Civil Code of Ukraine still mentions the right of a health worker to restrict the provision of information to a patient. This applies to the situation when information can worsen the health of such person or harm the treatment process. The same is stated in Article 39 of the Law of Ukraine "Fundamentals of Ukrainian Health Law".

Abought medical secrets, Article 132 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine states: "For the disclosure of medical information of incurable infectious disease criminal liability is provided".

A person who has identified HIV can rely on the confidentiality of information about his or her health status. In particular, test information is provided only to the person who received the test, to the health care professionals who provide assistance to that person, or, exceptionally, to other persons, if there is a relevant court decision. Information about the treatment of a person in a drug addiction institution can be provided to law enforcement authorities in case of bringing a person to criminal or administrative liability.

Preventing the spread of tuberculosis diseases

Tuberculosis is difficult, but, in most cases, curable disease. There is a tendency to increase the incidence of tuberculosis in Ukraine. There are many reasons for this. The main ones are: a non-serious attitude to health, a habit of appealing to a doctor as soon as possible, self-medication, unbalanced diet, ignoring the rules of hygiene and problems with culture of behavior in public places (in the hygiene's context).

Fighting the against the spread of the disease important to give the necessary attention to prevention and hygiene (regular handwashing after visiting public places, thorough washing of products before consumption, and using a medical mask that needs to be changed every 2 hours). According to statistics, annually 60% of patients with tuberculosis are completely cured. The main thing is to identify the problem in a timely manner.

З метою запобігання виникненню та поширенню серед військовослужбовців Збройних Сил України соціально небезпечних інфекцій, таких як туберкульоз, фахівцями 28 Регіонального санітарно-епідеміологічного управління було проведено черговий навчальний захід. Під час якого було роздано інформаційно-просвітницькі матеріали, створені та отримані завдяки співробітництву «Міжнародного Інституту проблем ВІЛ/СНІДу та туберкульозу», Служби превентивної медицини Міністерства оборони України та «Центру громадського здоров'я МОЗ України». В методичних матеріалах міститься інформація про туберкульоз та інші інфекційні захворювання, профілактику захворювань та ознаки для виявлення. Також в матеріалах міститься інформація про те як самостійно отримати методичні матеріали з приводу попередження та поширення даного захворювання за допомогою QR-коду з роз’ясненнями, як користуватися QR-кодами. 

In order to prevent the emergence and spread among social workers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine of infections such as tuberculosis, specialists of the 28th Regional Sanitary and Epidemiological Department held a regular educational event. During this event were distributed information and educational materials, created and received thanks to the cooperation of the International Institute of Problems of HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis, the Preventive Medicine Service of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine.

Methodological materials contain information abought tuberculosis and other infectious diseases, its prevention and signs for detection. Also, the materials contain information on how to independently receive methodological materials by QR-code and explaining how to use QR-codes.

Happy International Women’s Day!

Dear women! Wish you happiness and warm, miles, sunshine and happy emotions. Let this International Women’s Day will be the start of the brightest band in your life.

I wish you only good mood, love, happiness and joy!

Dr. Med. Eliot J. Pearlman, Director of the International Institute for HIV / AIDS and Tuberculosis.

The threat of sexually transmitted infections

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) is a national health problem in Ukraine. About 400,000 new cases of syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, herpes, genitourinary mycoplasmosis, genital candidiasis and trichomoniasis are registered annually in Ukraine. STIs, whose pathogens are more than 30 different bacteria, viruses and parasites, are distributed mainly due to sexual contacts (vaginal, anal, oral sex).

Microorganisms that cause STIs can also spread due to transfusion of blood products and tissue transplants. Many STIs, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis B, HIV, HPV, HSV-2 and syphilis, can also be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy and childbirth. A person may have STIs without obvious symptoms of the disease. Common symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases include vaginal discharge, urinary excretion in men, genital ulcers and abdominal pain.

With the highest incidence, 8 of the more than 30 known pathogens transmitted during sexual intercourse are associated. Today, 4 of these 8 infections are being treated, namely, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia and trichomoniasis. The rest - hepatitis B, herpes, HIV and HPV - are viral and incurable infections, but due to treatment their effects can be reduced.

According to the results of numerous studies, the presence of STI significantly increases the risk of HIV transmission and infection by sexually transmitted infections. In particular, HIV transmission is facilitated by syphilis, genital herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, candidiasis, mycoplasmosis, and other sexually transmitted infections. Erosion and ulcers, inflammation, tissue damage caused by STIs, weaken the factors protecting the body from HIV infection.

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