Every year, at the initiative of the World Health Organization, December 1 is World AIDS Day. It was launched in 1988 to raise awareness about HIV / AIDS and to draw public attention to violations of the rights and freedoms of people living with HIV.
Ukraine's strategy to combat the HIV / AIDS epidemic and prevention is reflected in regulations, including the Laws of Ukraine "On Prevention of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and Social Protection", "On Protection of the Population from Infectious Diseases", Resolutions of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, instructions of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, a number of state social programs, etc.
People living with HIV / AIDS are one of the most vulnerable categories of citizens. They are discriminated against in the areas of labor, health, education, and access to social services. At the same time, stigma and discrimination related to HIV / AIDS have a serious psychological impact on the self-consciousness of HIV-positive people, lower human self-esteem and lead to severe emotional and psychological consequences.
In accordance with modern principles of combating the spread of HIV, areas of prevention, care and support are being developed, which include educational activities, ensuring equal access to medical and social services among populations at increased risk of HIV infection, people living with HIV and their families, etc. An important factor in the success of such work remains the use of all existing opportunities for cooperation between public authorities and institutions with public, trade unions, employers' organizations, scientific and educational institutions to disseminate information about HIV / AIDS among citizens.
As long as there is no vaccine or treatment option, the main tasks of prevention work are:
- dissemination of information;
- protection of yourself and others;
- development of behavioral skills.