Happy International Women’s Day!

Dear women! Wish you happiness and warm, miles, sunshine and happy emotions. Let this International Women’s Day will be the start of the brightest band in your life.

I wish you only good mood, love, happiness and joy!

Dr. Med. Eliot J. Pearlman, Director of the International Institute for HIV / AIDS and Tuberculosis.

The threat of sexually transmitted infections

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) is a national health problem in Ukraine. About 400,000 new cases of syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, herpes, genitourinary mycoplasmosis, genital candidiasis and trichomoniasis are registered annually in Ukraine. STIs, whose pathogens are more than 30 different bacteria, viruses and parasites, are distributed mainly due to sexual contacts (vaginal, anal, oral sex).

Microorganisms that cause STIs can also spread due to transfusion of blood products and tissue transplants. Many STIs, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis B, HIV, HPV, HSV-2 and syphilis, can also be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy and childbirth. A person may have STIs without obvious symptoms of the disease. Common symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases include vaginal discharge, urinary excretion in men, genital ulcers and abdominal pain.

With the highest incidence, 8 of the more than 30 known pathogens transmitted during sexual intercourse are associated. Today, 4 of these 8 infections are being treated, namely, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia and trichomoniasis. The rest - hepatitis B, herpes, HIV and HPV - are viral and incurable infections, but due to treatment their effects can be reduced.

According to the results of numerous studies, the presence of STI significantly increases the risk of HIV transmission and infection by sexually transmitted infections. In particular, HIV transmission is facilitated by syphilis, genital herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, candidiasis, mycoplasmosis, and other sexually transmitted infections. Erosion and ulcers, inflammation, tissue damage caused by STIs, weaken the factors protecting the body from HIV infection.

Preventing the spread of tuberculosis diseases

Tuberculosis is difficult, but, in most cases, curable disease. There is a tendency to increase the incidence of tuberculosis in Ukraine. There are many reasons for this. The main ones are: a non-serious attitude to health, a habit of appealing to a doctor as soon as possible, self-medication, unbalanced diet, ignoring the rules of hygiene and problems with culture of behavior in public places (in the hygiene's context).

Fighting the against the spread of the disease important to give the necessary attention to prevention and hygiene (regular handwashing after visiting public places, thorough washing of products before consumption, and using a medical mask that needs to be changed every 2 hours). According to statistics, annually 60% of patients with tuberculosis are completely cured. The main thing is to identify the problem in a timely manner.

З метою запобігання виникненню та поширенню серед військовослужбовців Збройних Сил України соціально небезпечних інфекцій, таких як туберкульоз, фахівцями 28 Регіонального санітарно-епідеміологічного управління було проведено черговий навчальний захід. Під час якого було роздано інформаційно-просвітницькі матеріали, створені та отримані завдяки співробітництву «Міжнародного Інституту проблем ВІЛ/СНІДу та туберкульозу», Служби превентивної медицини Міністерства оборони України та «Центру громадського здоров'я МОЗ України». В методичних матеріалах міститься інформація про туберкульоз та інші інфекційні захворювання, профілактику захворювань та ознаки для виявлення. Також в матеріалах міститься інформація про те як самостійно отримати методичні матеріали з приводу попередження та поширення даного захворювання за допомогою QR-коду з роз’ясненнями, як користуватися QR-кодами. 

In order to prevent the emergence and spread among social workers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine of infections such as tuberculosis, specialists of the 28th Regional Sanitary and Epidemiological Department held a regular educational event. During this event were distributed information and educational materials, created and received thanks to the cooperation of the International Institute of Problems of HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis, the Preventive Medicine Service of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine.

Methodological materials contain information abought tuberculosis and other infectious diseases, its prevention and signs for detection. Also, the materials contain information on how to independently receive methodological materials by QR-code and explaining how to use QR-codes.

Resist HIV / AIDS: A Plan to Improve the Use of Strategic Information

The epidemic of HIV infection remains a national-wide problem in Ukraine. Due to the crisis social and economic situation and complications in the eastern regions of Ukraine, it becomes increasingly difficult to predict the further development of the HIV epidemic

According to the updated estimate, at the beginning of 2018, there were 244 000 PLWH of all age categories living in Ukraine, taking into account the data of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the city of Sevastopol and the temporarily occupied territories of Donetsk and Lugansk. The prevalence of HIV among adults 15 years of age and older is estimated at 0.63%, in the age group of 15-49 years - 0.94%. As the 1st of October 1, 2018, 144 633 HIV-positive citizens of Ukraine, including 46 443 AIDS patients, were registered at the health care institutions; 98,936 patients received ART - 70.8% of the medical supervision group.

In order to contribute to the further development of the epidemic in the framework of the country's commitments to respond to the HIV epidemic, has been developed a Plan to Improve the Use of Strategic Information on HIV / AIDS. This document should become an instrument for informing and motivating state institutions, non-governmental organizations, international partners, other communities and organizations working in the field of HIV / AIDS.

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